You might often wonder why some people are exceptional at sports, while some others are great at music and some others are awesome at painting.
Is it OK to say that only those students who score well on Mathematics and English are intelligent and the rest are not as
Developmental Psychology has always taken these questions seriously and a lot of Developmental Psychologists have spent hundreds of thousands of hours in their attempt to answer many such questions.
Dr. Howard Gardner is one of the most well respected and popular Developmental Psychologists who has proposed a model called the "Theory of Multiple Intelligences". He believes that each student has unique abilities and a unique mixture of different intelligences. He initially proposed 7 intelligence areas: musical?rhythmic, visual?spatial, verbal?linguistic, logical?mathematical, bodily?kinesthetic, interpersonal and intrapersonal. He later added naturalistic intelligence and also felt existential intelligence may also be worthy of inclusion.
According to Howard Gardner, intelligence is:
- The ability to create an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture;
- A set of skills that make it possible for a person to solve problems in life;
- The potential for finding or creating solutions for problems, which involves gathering new knowledge.
"Multiple intelligences is a psychological theory about the mind. It's a critique of the notion that there's a single intelligence which we're born with, which can't be changed, and which psychologists can measure. It's based on a lot of scientific research in fields ranging from psychology to anthropology to biology. It's not based upon based on test correlations, which most other intelligence theories are based on. The claim is that there are at least eight different human intelligences. Most intelligence tests look at language or logic or both - those are just two of the intelligences. The other six are musical, spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. I make two claims. The first claim is that all human beings have all of these intelligences. It's part of our species definition. The second claim is that, both because of our genetics and our environment, no two people have exactly the same profile of intelligences, not even identical twins, because their experiences are different."
-- Howard Gardner
It is extremely important, therefore, to know and understand your area of strength. The more you understand about yourself the better it is. You should also understand that no skill is inferior to other skills. Times are changing and there are a lot more opportunities today than there were 10 15 years ago. The target should be to identify our talents and make the most of it.