KNOW A MUSIC INSTRUMENT: TABLA

The Tabla is regarded as the "queen of drums and percussion instruments" and is the most popular and widely used percussion instrument of the Indian Classical Music. It is also popular in various traditional music of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

It is similar to bongos and consists of two drums.


The Bayan - (big bass drum)  It is the main drum and is played with the dominant hand,usually right hand. . Its shell is cylindrical and made out of wood, and its tight skin produces a distinct pitch when struck.

The DayanThe larger, low pitched drum, called dayan, has a bowl-shaped

The two of them are almost always played together and are single-headed drum usually of wood with a hoop and thong lacings to maintain skin tension. Both drums have goat or cow skin covering. They have a black middle spot made of iron fillings, soot and gum which produces a characteristic bell-like sound when drummed. This central area of "tuning paste" is called the syahi.

The musician plays the tabla while seated, with the baya to the left of the daya. Pressure from the heel of the player's hand changes the tone colour and pitch. Sound is produced on the drums through a variety of different finger and hand strokes.

Basic strokes-Ta,Ghe or ga,Thin,Dha, Dhin, Ka or kath, Na, Tete, Ti, Dhere


Tabla Taals-Some taals, for example Dhamaar, Ek, Jhoomra and Chau tals, lend themselves better to slow and medium tempos. Others flourish at faster speeds, pratham bhagati like Jhap or Rupak talas. Trital or Teental is one of the most popular, since it is as aesthetic at slower tempos as it is at faster speeds.

Distinguished players of the tabla include Alla Rakha Khan and his son Zakir Hussain